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🧬 Genetics / Mātai Iranga 🧬

Learning Outcomes / Ngā Whāinga Ako

  1. Understand the relationship between cells, nuclei, chromosomes, genes, alleles and DNA.
  2. Understand the role DNA plays in carrying instructions to the next generation and determining phenotype.
  3. Understand the structure of DNA (double helix, nucleotide, sugar, phosphate, base, and the base pairing rule).
  4. Understand that DNA contains the code for making proteins, and proteins are the building blocks for most of your body.
  5. Understand variation in terms of it being continuous or not continuous.
  6. Know and understand mitosis.
    • Why and where it occurs.
    • What happens to chromosome number and why.
    • The significance of the number of cells produced.
  7. Understand the advantages and disadvantages of asexual reproduction in terms of producing offspring that are genetically identical (clones).
  8. Know and understand meiosis.
    • Why and where it occurs.
    • What happens to chromosome number and why.
    • The significance of the number of cells produced.
  9. Understand how sexual reproduction produces new combinations of alleles.
  10. Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis.
  11. Understand the importance of mutations in population variation and the importance of variation in a population to survive in a changing environment.
  12. Understand and use the terms “genotype and phenotype”, “homozygous and heterozygous” and “dominant and recessive”.
  13. Know how to carry out genetic crosses using punnet squares and determine genotypic and phenotypic ratios.
  14. Know how to use pedigree charts to determine genotype and phenotype.
  15. Understand how to use a ‘test cross’.

Slides / Ngā Kirita🔗

  1. Genetics Introduction (Slides, PDF)
  2. Genes, Chromosomes and DNA (Slides, PDF)
  3. Structure of DNA (Slides, PDF)
  4. Genetic Crosses (Slides, PDF)
  5. Types of Variation (Slides, PDF)
  6. Assessment Tips (Slides, PDF)

Exporting PDFs: Open the PDF link. On laptops File > Print (enable headers and footers) and save as a PDF, on iOS follow this guide.

Unit Plan / Mahere Kōwae

Akoranga 1Akoranga 2Akoranga 3Akoranga 4
Week 1Teacher Only DayJuniors OnlyRelationship between cells to DNAThe Role of DNA
Week 2Structure of DNAStructure of DNA & ProteinsWaitangi DayVariation
Week 3MitosisMitosisMeiosisMeiosis
Week 4Advantages & Disadvantages of Asexual ReproductionSexual ReproductionCompare & Contrast Meiosis/MitosisMutations
Week 5Genetic TermsGenetic CrossesAthletics DayPhenotypic & Genotypic Ratios
Week 6Pedigree ChartsTest CrossesRevisionTEST

Changelog: Latest Change

Full History
  • Finn Le Sueur 8 months ago (Feat): Adds emoji for each unit
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  • Finn Le Sueur 8 months ago (Feat): Adds missing unit translations into te reo Māori
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  • Finn Le Sueur 8 months ago (Feat): Adds learning outcomes/ngā whāinga ako and lesson plans/ngā mahere akoranga translations
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  • Finn Le Sueur 8 months ago (Feat): Adds mahere kōwae/unit plan translation
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  • Finn Le Sueur 8 months ago (Fix): Moves all files, renames & adds weight frontmatter
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  • Finn Le Sueur 8 months ago (Feat): Adds NZQA frontmatter variables
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  • Finn LeSueur 8 months ago Use NZQA frontmatter variable
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  • Finn LeSueur 8 months ago Improved use of example/tauria
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  • Finn Le Sueur 9 months ago (Feat): Use Akoranga instead of Lesson
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  • Finn Le Sueur 9 months ago (Feat): Use Mahere Kōwae instead of Unit Plan
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  • Finn Le Sueur 9 months ago (Feat): Uses Ngā Whāinga Ako instead of Learning Outcomes
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  • Finn Le Sueur 9 months ago (Fix): Use Mahi Tuatahi instead of Starter
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  • Finn Le Sueur 9 months ago (Fix): Use whakamātau instead of practical/experiment
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  • Finn LeSueur 10 months ago Adds ordering to the AS90948 slides
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  • Finn LeSueur 10 months ago Remove emoji
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  • Finn LeSueur 10 months ago Remove emoji
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  • Finn LeSueur 10 months ago Adds assessment tips slides
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  • Finn LeSueur 1 year ago Fix image URLs and newlines in TeX equations
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  • Finn LeSueur 1 year ago Many changes all in one because I'm a bad dev
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  • Finn LeSueur 1 year ago Fix image paths
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  • Finn LeSueur 1 year, 2 months ago Rename folder
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