Vocabulary

9CIE - Ecology

Finn LeSueur

2020

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  • Abiotic Factors: Non-living components of environment.
  • Adaptation: A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
  • Behavioural Adaptation: What an organism does to survive in the unique conditions of its environment
  • Biotic Factors: All the living organisms that inhabit an environment
  • Carbon Cycle: The movement of carbon from the nonliving environment into living things and back
  • Carnivore: An organism that obtains energy by eating animals
  • Community: A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other
  • Consumer: An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
  • Food Chain: A series of steps in an ecosystem in which organisms transfer energy by eating and being eaten
  • Food Web: A community of organisms where there are several interrelated food chains
  • Habitat: Place where an organism lives
  • Herbicide: A substance used to kill plants, especially weeds
  • Herbivore: An organism that obtains energy by eating only plants
  • Niche: An organism’s particular role in an ecosystem, or how it makes its living.
  • Omnivore: An organism that obtains energy by eating both plants and animals
  • Organism: A living thing
  • Parasite: An organism that feeds on a living host
  • Physiological Adaptation: A physical or chemical event that occurs within the body of an organism and enables survival
  • Predator: An animal that hunts other animals for food
  • Prey: An organism that is killed and eaten by another organism
  • Producer: An organism that can make its own food (typically from sunlight).
  • Reproduction: The process of producing offspring
  • Structural Adaptation: A physical feature of an organism’s body having a specific function that contributes to the survival of the organism
  • Temperature: A measure of how hot or cold something is.
  • Trophic Level: Each step in a food chain or food web