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Nutrients in Food

Ngā Whāinga Ako


Food is a daily necessity.

Without food organisms will eventually die!

The process of acquiring, digesting and using food is called nutrition


Nutrients

There are four main nurtients the body needs:

  1. Carbohydrates,
  2. proteins,
  3. lipids,
  4. vitamins & minerals

Carbohydrates




Proteins


Lipids


Which foods are rich in each nutrient?


Vitamins


Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)


Vitamin B12


Vitamin E


Vitamin A


Vitamin K


Vitamin D


Minerals

Dietary minerals are the chemical elements required by living organisms other than C, H, O and N.



Fibre


Task: Match these up!

NutrientUse
MineralsSmall amounts for cells to work properly
ProteinsEnergy and to make cell membranes
CarbohydratesIn small amounts to make chemicals
WaterEnergy
VitaminsGrowth and repair
FibreChemical reactions and for transport
FatsTo keep the bowels working properly

Task: Who has the most nutritious snack?

Find a wrapped snack in your bag with a food label - have a look at the ingredients, move around the classroom and try find the person with the most nutritious snack!